Nissan’s Type 70 arrived on the Japanese car market in 1937 and was quite a departure for the company as it was considerably bigger and more luxurious than anything they had previously sold. Clearly they were pretty proud of this new car and produced this charming silent film, which remarkably for 1937, was in colour!
Of course the Type 70 wasn’t actually a Nissan designed car at all…
The car was a design which they had bought, along with all of the tooling from troubled American manufacturer Graham Paige for $390,000. The Crusader 80, as the model was originally known, had been launched in 1935 by Graham Paige but the company were suffering severe financial problems due to constantly declining sales due to the economic depression of the 1930s and when production of the Crusader line was stopped in 1936, the entire production tooling was sold off wholesale to Nissan.
The acquisition was doubly beneficial to Nissan as not only did they gain quite a prestigious looking car but also the 86hp, 3670cc straight six engine served in many of Nissan’s trucks through into the 1950’s.
Commercially, the Type 70 probably wouldn’t have been very successful in Japan if it hadn’t been for the Second World war. Although in the US the car was smaller than average, it was huge by Japanese standards and correspondingly expensive, however it was very rugged and well suited to military use where it found favour as staff cars and ambulances. Over five thousand Type 70’s were eventually built with production ceasing around 1943.
The Nissan Type 70 was produced as both a four door saloon and slightly later as a four door phaeton. They were also available in two trim levels, standard or deluxe with the latter being able to seat up to seven passengers. They featured an all steel body mounted on a pressed steel chassis and tipped the scales at just over 1.4 tonnes.
Here’s some of the Model 70 specifications…
|Overall Length||4750 mm|
|Overall Width||1720 mm|
|Overall Height||1750 mm|
|Kerb weight||1,410 kg|
|Body Type||Pressed Steel|
|Chassis||Pressed Steel (Ladder Type)|
|Front Suspension||Reverse I-type beam & Leaf Springs|
|Rear Suspension||Full Floating Axle & Leaf Springs|
|Steering||Steering Box (Worm & Sector)|
ENGINE & GEARBOX
|Engine Type||Inline 6 Cylinder (Side Valve)|
|Bore x Stroke||82.5mm x 114.3 mm|
|Horsepower||85ps @ 3400 rpm|
|Torque||23kgm @ 1200 rpm|
|Transmission||3 Speed Floor Shift|